Since the country embarked on its rapid liberal reform process in 2011, communal violence between Buddhists and Muslims has swept the country…..While the underlying drivers of sectarian violence in Rakhine are complex, one thing is very clear: An alliance between ultranationalist politicians and a well-armed militia is certain to end in catastrophe. One KIO officer puts it this way: “We cannot let them return with weapons in their hands and massacre innocent civilians.” That, of course, is far easier said than done, considering that the KIO is currently preoccupied with fighting the Burmese army.
Yet the responsibility for solving this problem cannot be attributed to the KIO alone. So far, the Burmese government has focused on brokering cease-fires in its wars with restive ethnic groups. A more permanent solution will have to involve demobilization, reintegration, and a plan to address the socioeconomic causes of sectarian violence.